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January 2016

How To Get Great Results In Your Baby Photoshoot

One of the most challenging tasks for most photographers is taking baby pictures. Although some say that babies are naturally charming, it can be really hard to capture good photos of them. It may take time and a great amount of patience from both the photographer and the parents just to make sure that the results are worth it.

If you are planning for a baby photoshoot, you need to know some factors that can greatly affect the results. You need to know some things that you can use as your guide in order to be successful in getting the best photos of your baby that you can surely cherish for the rest of your life. Below are some tips that expert baby photographers share.

– Make sure that your baby is in good mood. If you want a picture of him or her smiling and enjoying his/her day, make sure that your baby has enough sleep so he/she can be playful in the photo session. If you want a picture of him/her sleeping comfortably, on the other hand, make sure that he/she is not hungry before sleeping and he/she does not feel so cold or so hot.

– Bring your baby’s favourite toys in the photoshoot. This is great way for you baby to feel at ease and comfortable while in a photoshoot with places and people that’s new to him/her. You can either bring your baby’s stuffed toy, blanket or his/her favourite baby bottle.

– Always be visible in your baby’s sight. This is also another way to making your baby feel comfortable and at ease. You can also bring with you his/her siblings especially if you are doing a playful photoshoot. This will encourage your baby to smile more and play more.

– Bring comfortable clothes and shoes. As much as you want your baby to look good in the photos, your number one priority when it comes to the clothes and the shoes she/he will have to wear is comfort. It is even much better if you let your baby try the new clothes and shoes first at home before the photoshoot so he/she will be used to it and feel a lot more comfortable. Your baby’s comfort should always be your top priority.

Understanding ISO Sensitivity

What is ISO Sensitivity?

As photography means painting with the light, any photographer is in control of its composition (elements arrangement in the frame and even adding photo effects later or cropping it for a better result, for example) and exposure – when you press the shutter release you are just telling the camera to stay open for a certain amount of time and let a determined quantity of light in, reaching the camera sensor (digital) or film.

The exposure is controlled by 3 (three) adjustments we make in the camera: shutter speed, aperture and sensitivity. Shutter speed and aperture ultimately control how much light comes into the camera (we can compare this to a water tap – how much you open the valve and for how long will dictate the amount of water that will flow)… and how much light is needed for a certain exposure is determined by the sensitivity of the medium used (today it has been expressed as ISO numbers – and as ASA not so long ago).

In the digital cameras world today, we can find ISO ranges from as low as 50 up to 204,800, being the normal range placed somewhere between 200 and 1600. These numbers have some qualities associated with them: it sets the amount of light needed for a good exposure, and the lower the number, the more light is required, and as a consequence for a fixed aperture, a slow shutter speed will have to be used; and will influence the amount of noise in the image.

So, if you have lots of light (or have the camera mounted on a tripod), the lower the numbers you can set, and on the other hand, when you do not have lots of it or you need a faster shutter speed (for action and sports shots, for example), you will need to raise the ISO (and this is what the AUTOISO settings in your camera do: adjusts the ISO settings so you end up with the correct camera measured exposure for a given situation. You normally set the minimum and maximum range you want the camera to automatically adjust the ISO based on your acceptable quality and speed requirements).

It is worth knowing that each time you double the ISO (for example, from 100 to 200 or from 400 to 800), half of the light is needed for the same exposure, and vice-versa.

As we mentioned above, noise levels will also be influenced by the ISO settings, and the higher the number is, the more noise and visible grain an image will have. We normallywant the images to have the least amount of noise as possible.

Today, most digital cameras can make good quality images at ISOs up to 800 or 1600 and above, but several aspects affect this, from the sensor type a camera uses (for example, the size of the pixels used on the camera’s sensor, which are larger in SLRs compared to the compact ones. Larger pixels result in less noise and SLRs have larger sensors with larger pixels) to the amount and type of noise reduction algorithms and systems used in the cameras.

Tips On How To Remove Background Images Using Photoshop Software

Whether you are a professional graphic designer or you like editing photos for fun, you can easily remove the background using professional graphic design software. One of the best programs that you should consider using is Photoshop. If you have never used the program before, here is a guide on how to remove the background from your photo.

How To Remove Background Using Photoshop

You should start by opening the Photoshop program. As rule of thumb you should ensure that the program opens successfully before you do anything. Once it has opened you should load the photo that you want to edit. To do this you only need to click the “File” tab on the upper left corner of the screen. You should then select “Open” and locate the photo that you are interested in.

After loading the photo you should move it to the extraction platform. To do this you need to click on the “filter” tab in the navigation menu and then choose the “Extract” action. Doing this will automatically result to the photo being redirected to the “Extraction” platform.

Using your marker tool, you should outline the portion of the photo that you want to keep. After doing this a temporary digital paint will appear around the outermost area that you want to keep. You should click the paint bucket icon and the outlined area will be filled with paint.

You should confirm that you want to remove the background by clicking “OK.” When you click “OK” your photo will be directed back to the Photoshop canvas and you will see it with the background already removed.

You should remove any excess of the background by right clicking on the eraser image icon. To make the edges cleaner and precise you should clean the photo’s outline.

If the eraser tool is too large, you should adjust the size of the brush by clicking on the arrow above the brush. You can easily change the size of the brush by moving its lever from left to right. You should note that you will get the smallest size when you move the lever to the left.

You should give your photo a final look and if satisfied you should save it by clicking “File” and then “Save As.” You should name your photo and click “Save” to close the new photo and store it in the hard drive of your computer.

Tips On How To Take Great Water Photos

download (6)There are many water forms that you can use to make great photos. Some of these forms include: breaking waves and cascading waterfalls. For you to create take awesome water photos you need to put a number of tips into consideration. These tips include:

Freeze Water

There is no way you will take great photos if you don’t freeze the water. One of the most effective ways of doing this is using a very fast shutter speed. This calls for you to set your camera to its fastest shutter speed.

Be Cautious When Shooting Large Waves

Waves are great when you shoot them properly. You should note that the larger the wave, the more dramatic it is. To take excellent photos you should use a lens with a long focal length. You should also remember to keep your distance when taking the photos.

Use Reflection To Your Advantages

Water has a great reflective quality; therefore, you should take advantage of it. For ideal results you should shoot in more than one direction while paying a lot of attention to the position of the sun.

To add interest to your photos you should try shooting early in the morning or late in the day. The cool thing with shooting at this time is that you allow the long shadows cast by the boats and other water objects to add interest to your photos.

Zoom In The Details

To get a closer look you should zoom in the details of the photos that you are taking. To shoot great images you shouldn’t shoot the first object that catches your eye-you should take your time and identify any patterns that might be on the water. For example, if you are shooting on a water body with boats, you should identify a pattern in the ropes or any other items laid on the dock or boat’s deck.

Include People And Wildlife

Although, you can take great photos of plain water, you should make the photos interesting by including people and any animals that might be near the water. For example, if your children or your family members are walking on the shoreline, you should take photos of them.

If you are going to photograph strangers, always seek their permission. For ideal results you should ask the people to avoid looking at the camera-they should act naturally.

Conclusion

These are tips on how to take great water photos. As rule of thumb you should ensure that you use high quality cameras.